How to restore Remote Server Administration Tools on Windows 10

When you get the Microsoft windows to update your Remote Server Administrations Tools (RSAT) gets removed, this happened to me 3 times already after windows 10 updates.  Many system admins use this to manage their server, so they don’t have to RDP to each server, even though now many tasks can be done via Powershell commands.  Some of the GUI is not available for server, you need to know Powershell to manage, add or remove features or services.  It does not happen for smaller updates, only major updates.  Also, you may see other settings get reset like Suggested notification, default app, printer and you may want to double check your settings to make sure it’s not reset.

I had server admin tools and after the windows 10 updates, it got removed, as you can see in this screenshot:

Remote Server Administration Tools (RSAT) for Windows 10

You can download it from Microsoft: https://www.microsoft.com/en-us/download/details.aspx?id=45520

Then just run the installer wizard

If everything went well you should see whatever you had pinned to your start menu shows up

I notice when I had Windows updates for 1709 and 1803 updates, hope this helps someone out there.  Learning Powershell command is a way to go for doing server manage for many repetitive tasks.  Knowing Powershell commands also helps for user device troubleshooting too.



How to Upgrade Win 2012 core to Win 2016 core

How to upgrade your Windows 2012 Hyper-V core to Microsoft Hyper-V Server 2016.  Make sure you have a good backup and if you have any running VM’s it must be turned off to void any issues with the upgrade process.  Download the ISO from the Microsoft website, you will need an account to download the ISO Microsoft Hyper-V Server 2016.  Login to your current Windows 2012 core server and create a Directory in C drive called ISO and navigate to it.  Attach as ISO you just downloaded or copy the extracted the ISO content drive.

Creating ISO directory:
C:\>mkdir ISO

Navigating to ISO directory:
C:\>cd ISO

Running the command to start the installation of Microsoft Hyper-V Server 2016

C:\ISO>setup.exe /auto upgrade /compact ignorewarning

You should see the checking updates, Installing Windows Server 2016 screen

Before upgrade:

Powershell get-wmiobject win32_operatingsystem

After upgrade:

Powershell get-wmiobject win32_operatingsystem

Then check the windows updates, that’s it



How to secure against Meltdown and Spectre vulnerabilities?

This is one of the big security vulnerabilities that are affecting many systems because it’s the flaw in the processor, so the Operating system could be Windows’s, Linux’s, Mac’s, Android, etc… Devices could be Desktop computer, Laptops, Tablet’s, smartphone’s, TV’s, including your car software needs to be patched.

Dell: has released the patch for their devices, please go to this link and check it out, to make sure you are protected: www.dell.com/support/meltdown-spectre

HP: A vulnerability has been disclosed with modern CPU architecture referred to as side-channel analysis or speculative execution. Researchers have nicknamed the vulnerabilities “Spectre” and “Meltdown”. The result of exploits could potentially lead to the loss of sensitive information
https://support.hp.com/us-en/document/c05869091 

Lenovo:  is aware of vulnerabilities regarding certain processors nicknamed “Spectre” and “Meltdown” by their discoverers. Both are “side channel” exploits, meaning they do not access protected data directly, but rather induce the processor to operate in a specific way and observe execution timing or other externally visible characteristics to infer the protected data.
https://support.lenovo.com/us/en/solutions/len-18282

You can read how to protect your Windows devices, Microsoft has released a security patch.  Here is a link to Microsoft where it list who is affected and what you need to do.

https://support.microsoft.com/en-us/help/4073757/protect-your-windows-devices-against-spectre-meltdown

This is what I did for my computer using Lenovo, note each vendor has their own patch, some are still working on it and some have released.  It’s best to look up your model/bios version and make sure it’s up to date.

To see if your computer is protected, you can run PowerShell script that Microsoft has published

This is what it looks like before I applied the patch:

This is what it looked like after the updates:

You will also need to do Bios update from the manufacturing and may want to check other updates that you may need.

Note: when doing bios updates, some computer takes a little bit time and may look like a black screen doing nothing, but it’s finishing up a firmware update.  Do NOT shut down by force, otherwise, you will have a dead device.



Exchange 2010 Kerberos authentication failed

Exchange 2010 is about 8 years old, but many organizations still using it.  System admin like us needs to support, as much as we can, while keeping up with today’s technologies.  There will be times when you might get a message like this in Exchange 2010 Kerberos authentication failed.  There are many blogs, who have found a solution, I would just like to have for myself and maybe others will find useful too.   Here is the screenshot of the error, I saw, when trying to access the Exchange 2010 management console:

You may also get something like this too:

You might want to back up your registry just in case, one of the settings called “NodeStructureSettings”

Then run this command it fixed for me: by resetting the IIS via CMD command

Here is how you like it to be always, working without error 24/7

Hope you will never have to do the fix, but you never know



amdide.sys could not be found

I was installing Server 2003 on Dell 2850 got this error “amdide.sys could not be found” press any key to reboot.  I have installed twice and got the same message I thought it was the Windows Server 2003 CD, but it’s not it’s the Dell Assistance CD that’s ver. 8.5 causing the problem.  It does not give any error while you set up once it finishes copying the OS and re-boots then it gives an error.  You will need 8.7 Dell Assistance CD.  You can download from Dell website.  I have also known this has been a problem with Dell 2650 Server as well.  So in case, you have other Model that gives this type of error check out dell website to see if there is any updated Assistance CD that you may need.  Hope this helps to fix your problem