Windows operating system came long way, I am listing some links from Microsoft about Windows versions and release information, since there are so many versions it’s very hard to find information about different version. Microsoft have listed the fact sheet for Windows at https://support.microsoft.com/en-us/help/13853, this also includes the Windows Servers version 2008-2019.
Windows version 10, 8, 7 Home, Enterprise, Education, Pro, and Pro for Workstation editions. Also includes Windows version history, Date of availability, Mainstream support end date, and extended support end date. If you want to know more about the Microsoft Lifecycle Policy FAQ https://support.microsoft.com/en-us/help/17140/lifecycle-faq-general-policy-questions
If you just want to know more about the Windows 10 release information: https://docs.microsoft.com/en-us/windows/windows-10/release-information
Windows Server release information https://docs.microsoft.com/en-us/windows-server/get-started/windows-server-release-info